A Whaling History Parts 1 and 2 - 1791-1900

Fishing in Tasmania

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Ross Compe
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A Whaling History Parts 1 and 2 - 1791-1900

Post by Ross Compe » Thu Nov 10, 2016 10:43 am

Whaling and sealing were Australias first major industries and fishing and whaling often overlap.
Our first whaling ships were convict transport ships that were converted to whaling ships in New South Wales around 1791.
While Lt Bowen travelled to the Derwent River aboard the 'Albion' in 1803 taking 3 whales enroute.
Half the 22 privately owned sloops based in Australia were engaged in the Bass Strait sealing industry landing over 100,000 skins in Sydney between 1800 and 1806.
It was in 1805 the first Australian owned deep sea whaler -'King George' was launched.
William Collins established a bay whaling station on the Derwent River in the same year.
By 1813 the ship building and whaling industry expanded rapidly in the bays of southern Tasmania.
TW Birch discovered Port Davey aboard the whaler 'Henrietta' in1808 when making his voyages from Hobart.
1829 had 5 bay whaling stations operating in Van Diemen'
s Land most at Bruni Island with each station operating between 4 or 5 boats.
The brig 'Caroline' was the first boat to leave Hobart and hunt sperm whales.
The discovery of whale oil for lamps led to a rapid expansion of the world whaling fleet with the Americans operating 765 vessels and employing 16000 men mainly around the Pacific,Australia and NZ by 1844.
A handsome income of around 10million pounds.
Between 1840 and 1846 there were 123 ships operating from Hobart employing many local people in provisioning and repairing the mainly French and American ships.
By 1859 kerosine began to replace whale oil for lamps.
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"Remember Folks There Has Never Been A Fish Worth Dying For"

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A Whaling History Part 2 I791-1900

Post by Ross Compe » Thu Nov 10, 2016 11:22 am

In 1831 a Launceston merchant Mr Henry Reed set up a whaling station in Portland,Victoria.
While a ship full of whale oil berthed in Hobart from the waters of NZ led in time to the settlement of that country.
The South Australian Co established bay whaing stations at Victor Harbour,Port Elliot and Encounter bay to prevent the Van Diemens whalers from taking over the industry.
1838 saw the introduction of thr Whaling Act to regulate labour and employers to claims over ownership of whales and by 1841 there were 41 bay whaling stations operating and 400 ocean going vessels in Van Diemen's Land.
By 1845 the Right Whale had been hunted to near extinction and the population has never recovered.
Whaling ceased to be a significant industry in that year with the last whaler out of Hobart the 'Helen' in 1900.
"Remember Folks There Has Never Been A Fish Worth Dying For"

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